View Meditation Action – Part 2



 Teachings Given By Dungse Shenphen Dawa Rinpoche

On View Meditation Action

July 2012

The following is the second of three days of teachings Rinpoche gave in the summer of 2012.

Day Two – Morning

Motivation

First listen to these teachings by developing the altruistic mind and thinking of benefitting all sentient beings.

Obstacles – Purification

Yesterday I said to do a good practice of meditation you have to have good health. So if your health is feeble then do everything to support it as much as you can. Even then if you have difficulty meditating, you have too many thoughts appearing and your mind goes into a really pensive, sad melancholic mood where you’re always reflecting on past negative things that you’ve done, if these kinds of thoughts and barriers come up with the practice, it means that you have residue negative karma left in you. So that’s what’s preventing you from settling down into meditation. Therefore you need to do some purification. Purification becomes an important part first. In that case, then go to the Dorje Sempa practice, go to the confession practice. Do some charitable work. These actions will develop some causal merit, which will eventually turn into wisdom merit.

Small Vase to Tumo

However, your body must be strong and your winds must be very calm, as I stressed yesterday. They must flow freely without any hindrance as all our thoughts move with these winds, that’s how the thoughts move. So it’s important to breathe correctly. Breathe with the passage of the air open; breathe with the wisdom breathing. Again this is explained in the small vase breathing. This gentle breathing is important since it is the breathing of Bodhicitta. It is the Bodhicitta breathing. Though it is called small vase, in effect it is tumo (inner heat practice). You are doing the practice of internal heat. That’s exactly what the vase is, heat working with the wind. But here the predominant effect is on the wind. So sometimes I say that it is good to do your Ngondro early in the morning, those of you doing Ngondro, when you come to the prostration section, do your prostrations one hundred times or whatever, and then go to the Dorje Sempa, Mandala, Guru Yoga just read through these but when you come to the prostration section do at least one mala (ie 108). And then that will also pacify the neurotic winds. That’s what prostrations are for. Prostrations are for purifying the habitual obscurations of the body. Of the four types of obscuration; emotional, karmic, intellectual and habitual, the last is the hardest to shift. This is the tendency to repeat negative actions again and again endlessly. Prostrations help in purifying this habitual patterning which is the worst one for us human beings. Although prostrations help purify all four obscurations the predominant effect is on the habits of the body formed by the mind. These habits create knots of attachment in the nerves, winds and essences.

Three Steps to Shiné

Now let’s talk about the formal meditation itself. There are three steps that you need to do before you go into shiné and start looking at your thoughts. Otherwise meditation won’t do much here I’m afraid. So the first step now is first how to stabilize your thought. That’s important. The second stage is how to concentrate on the thought. First stabilize, then concentrate. Then within the concentration, once it is stabilized there will be the luminosity, the luminosity of the thought. All thought is not mere content, there’s a luminosity of the thought, there’s luminosity in the quality of all the thoughts. So we have to learn how to look at that as well.

First Practice Technique

So first let’s talk about pacifying your thoughts, which is important. You need to calm yourself down, don’t race, just calm down. Now in that practice now, to bring the concentration and to pacify yourself, you will visualise a small pea-sized light, radiantly white, just in front of you, just above eye level.

Primordial Awareness Connecting Inner and Outer Luminosity

This pea-sized circle of radiant light that is in front of you is the essence of your awareness and it is also the essence of awareness of all the Buddhas. You have to first connect to the primordial luminosity, that is where we will first start the connection. This light, whether you see it as Dorje Sempa’s brilliance or whichever Buddha’s brilliance it doesn’t matter so long as you understand it to be the essence of knowledge and wisdom. Names and labels are not important but knowing the essence of what it is, that is important. So understand that this light is the core essence of Buddha Nature. We visualise this pea-sized light in front of us, extremely brilliant. Now when we say the light is in front of you and you are observing it, it doesn’t mean you are observing it with your eyes. No! Why? Because the eyes cannot see primordial awareness. They have no capacity for this kind of seeing. What does see is the clear awareness that is the mind. It is only the mind that can see primordial awareness. The eyes cannot. Even if you had a thousand eyes piled up they would not be able to see even a speck of the wisdoms. Your physical eyes have no capability. Eyes can only see atoms that are in motion; they cannot see the atoms that are in stillness. The eyes cannot see these.

This pea-sized ball of light that is in front of you that is brilliant, that is the essence of all the Buddhas, call it whatever you want, keep your awareness towards that light. See it as radiating light to all the parts of your body. Its like a beam of light, like a sun that shines on every phenomenon. Let that light fall on your whole central channel. This is where the light is really going. Now if you have awareness and you’re doing yoga then you’ll understand that your central channel, the uma has two complimentary nerves called the roma and kyangma, but predominantly these are the three kaya channels. Your central channel is the light channel that your body and mind really are. Your mind really is in the central channel, that’s what it is. It’s nowhere else. It’s in the central channel and this central channel has all the five Buddha families within it. This is the ultimate truth of your body. It is the light that you are. We are just light. All the other elements come together after that light. The first thing is just the light. So the outer luminosity of the light must now give energy to inner luminous light that you have. The outer and the inner luminosities must connect to each other. From the outer, which is the absolute truth, then the relative channels that you have must be empowered by the absolute. So spend some time where this brilliant light touches your central channel.

This channel starts from the crown and goes straight down to four fingers below the navel. That channel is not visible to any naked eye. But nonetheless, that’s where your consciousness dwells. Actually this central channel here is the embodiment of the entire universe. It is all within this channel. It cannot be apart from this channel. Everything is encompassed within this central channel. That is why in essence we are light, like beams of light. All the five Buddha families and the five winds, the five elements and the five spaces all dwell within this central channel. This channel is called the channel of the three kayas because this central channel is the Dharmakaya, Sambhogakaya and Nirmanakaya. It has three kayas, white, blue and red. The central channel itself represents the three kayas. This central channel is the channel you work with when you do your Tumo and Phowa practice, when you eject your consciousness. That is the same central channel, otherwise when you talk about ‘ejecting your consciousness,’ what does it mean? It means that the consciousness is ejected through the central channel, there’s no other way to eject it. And how do teachings about birth and the bardo explain the various experiences and potential rebirths? It’s all to do with the central channel, where the air goes and where it doesn’t go. Air can go from the top and also from the bottom and it can also be lost at the sides. Different rebirths arise according to where the air goes. If you are able to effectively eject your consciousness directly to one of the Buddha-fields at the point of death, then that is where you will be reborn. In fact your connection between the heaven and the hell realms is through the central channel. That is the connection. There is no other connection.

With this central channel, sometimes you’ll be aware of it and sometimes you won’t. Sometimes you’ll have the feeling that there’s a light going ahead of you or following you. That’s the reflection of the central channel. The central channel will appear, and disappear. A lot of people describe such experiences as going through a tunnel and seeing the light at the other end when they nearly die. That’s the central channel, there’s nothing else. Their awareness is in the same place, the central channel. It’s not that there’s a tunnel to go through, the tunnel is the central channel. Therefore, the central channel can be as fine as an atom and it can increase to being as large as the universe. That’s the flexibility of the central channel.

Circle of Light, the Syllable Ah, Dorje Sempa

So the first concentration is on a small light in front of you. Concentrate on that light and recognise that light as the wisdom of all the Buddhas. Recognise that light at the same time as the wisdom of all the primordial Buddhas. From where does this light appear? It appears from the emptiness. It appears from the emptiness and it is self-arisen primordial wisdom, basically this light arises from the field of the Dharmadhatu, which in one form is light, and in another form is the syllable Ah, a brilliant white Ah. Whether you see it as a syllable Ah or as a circular light, it doesn’t matter. One is in the Dharmadhatu space and one is coming in the Sambhogakaya space. It’s the same. And sometimes in the Nirmanakaya sphere the light will appear as Dorje Sempa, that also is fine because that dot is Dorje Sempa. Who is Dorje Sempa? He is the Yidam of all the Buddhas. There’s not a single Buddha whose heart mind concentration is not based on Dorje Sempa practice because Dorje Sempa is the chief of all the Buddhas, the Mandala of all the Buddhas. You can practice his sadhana (i.e., ritual practice text) throughout all the yanas (i.e. vehicles). There’s not a single yana that does not have his practice so you can practice from the Great Perfection, from the Mahayana or the Hinayana. It doesn’t matter. But the point of Dorje Sempa in front of you here is that Dorje Sempa is your forefather. That is the reason. We are coming from the genetic line of Dorje Sempa. Why? Because Dorje Sempa is the father of all the Buddhas.

Don’t Rush into the Visualisation

Therefore, spend time, don’t be in a hurry to rush into another activity. No! Learn how to relax into the emptiness. Relaxing into the emptiness is important. Every sadhana that you do, whether it is Phurba or whether it’s Dorje Sempa, with every deity practice whatever you do from taking refuge, to generating the visualisation deity, take time. Don’t rush…saying ‘instantaneously I am Dorje Sempa’ take time. It’s easy to say, but you don’t have the strength of the practice to instantly become Dorje Sempa. Take time and most importantly, any sadhana before it begins, the syllable will first arise from the empty space of the Dharmadhatu. That syllable will gradually transform into the wisdom deity, the jnanasattva. You are the samayasattva (the commitment being) who is practicing, but what is called the jnanasattva, this will appear as the wisdom deity. Before the wisdom deity appears, the wisdom deity will appear from emptiness in the form of a syllable only. There’s a gradual transformation, which our mind must begin to open up to accept. So take time for that syllable to come down slowly from that Dharmadhatu space. Take time. Because when the syllable is coming and you’re looking at the syllable with your wisdom eye and being aware of the syllable, your male and female essences will immediately tune in with it. From this they’ll get a burst of life force that will start to vibrate inside the central channel.

What is the awareness, the memory, and the alertness? The memory and the alertness of the mind is the vibrancy of the thigle (essence) and nothing else. If the thigle doesn’t vibrate, there’s no memory of anything. So take time. Then gradually as the syllable descends down, it’ll transform into the deity of whatever sadhana you’re practicing. But here in this case when you are looking at this light, take time to really look at it. See the appearances and the emptiness, simultaneously arising. That’s what it is. When you do that and look at that light, then the focus of your attention will be towards this light and you will forget your normal everyday thoughts, which are running through your mind. These will subside. At the same time, you are also connecting directly to your awareness, which means the central channel will also be illuminated by this process. Then, breathe gently within this.

The Merging of Outer and Inner

What is going to happen then, when you look at the light outside in front of you and you are looking at it with awareness, all of a sudden you’ll realise that the light you were looking at outside is no longer outside. That light has now come inside your forehead. That’s the next step that you’ll feel, that what you’re looking at outside of yourself, is in fact now in. You’ll see that there’s no such thing as looking out. If that happens, you’ll feel the light now on the top of your forehead here. It’ll touch your third eye, and it will come right here, (Rinpoche points to his forehead). What does that mean? It means that there is nothing really to look at outside of your mind as such. The outer and the inner have now merged into each other. So there is no longer a distinction between what is out and what is in. These have dissolved one into the other. It has just folded into one. If this happens, it is good. Relax in that. Breathe gently and when you’re breathing, do tonglen (Tib.), taking in the suffering and giving the cause of your happiness to others. Take in their suffering and digest it. Breathe with that awareness.

Sacred Air, Space Rich with Qualities

Don’t take the air for granted. Even within this air, the structure of all the Mandalas of all the Buddhas is there. Therefore the air has to have this potential. There has to be something more to it than mere air. All the past kings’ merits, all our glory, all our energy, all animate and inanimate energy, everything is in the air. So the space in front of us is space, which is rich with qualities. It’s not just air. All the Buddha’s blessings are there. All the planets’ energies are there. According to the teachings, there are thirty-seven different levels of air that exist from our heads to the space above. So go into tonglen. Don’t let the breathing be ordinary. Breathe with awareness. A key part of meditation is the awareness, how much can you maintain and keep in the flow of the awareness. That’s what meditation is all about. If you don’t have awareness you’ll not remember any of the teachings and instructions. It will be blank at that time.

It doesn’t matter whether that light is now inside or outside of your forehead or whether it is beaming from here or there, whichever is fine. Let it be that way. Spend some time there. During that time whether you do tonglen or whether you recite the hundred-syllable mantra it’s the same. If you want to recite the hundred-syllable mantra during the process of the light training that is also good. But at least use your speech in a positive way; that’s important. So train yourself a little bit in the contemplation and relaxation of the thoughts. You will start to realise your thoughts are not ordinary thoughts; your thoughts are of the nature of wisdom, that’s why we’re training you to turn ordinary thought into wisdom thought. So we are training in thoughts of purity rather than mundane thoughts.

Certainty that All is Projection

Now before you go into authentic shiné you have to be absolutely completely sure, without any hesitation at all, that everything you see is a projection of the mind. You shouldn’t be in doubt over whether it is or it is not. There should not be even a shadow of a doubt about it. You should have already worked with the totality and come to the confirmation with certainty, that all phenomena are seen from your mind. If there is something else that can recognise phenomena, you’re not on the right track. You have to be absolutely sure that all phenomena that you experience are merely experienced from the mind. Before that, you have to first examine which is more important. Is your mind the most important? Is your speech more important? Or is the physical activity of your body the most important? You have to establish who is the boss. And perhaps you will come to the conclusion that it is the mind since it is the mind that commands both the body and speech. Then we need to look into what this mind is? Where is it? As we spoke about yesterday, we have to do a thorough search.

Previously when Tibetan Lamas gave teachings on shiné, they would make you work for three weeks searching for the mind. They’d tell you to search in your room and everywhere. “Go search” they’d say. That was important, they’d ask you, “what colour is it? Where does it reside? Where does it go? Where did you find the mind? And how is it? Did you ever meet the mind?” Perhaps if we searched like this for a million years we would never find the mind. You will never find the mind.

The Second Practice Technique

That was the first meditation, to stabilise the mind. Next comes the second concentration. Here the mind is connected more with feelings and sensations because when it’s more inner, our innermost sensations get aroused. However, feelings are not important. The point is not to get attached to the feelings but let the inner sensations rest. That’s the point. Nonetheless because of our habitual tendencies we immediately respond with feelings … ‘I feel good, I feel fine, I feel relaxed. Oh, I feel bad’. Awareness has got nothing to do with feelings. Meditation is free from the five skandhas so where’s your feeling coming from? That’s not the path of meditation. Nor is consciousness. Nor is perception. Nor is form. No, meditation is not connected to any of these at all, not to any of the skandhas. There is no connection. If it is connected, then it is an intellectually devised meditation. It’s an imitation of meditation. That’s not going to bring you to genuine meditation at all. And I told you yesterday, the four mistakes; don’t pretend that meditation brings substantial knowledge, is an antidote, or that it is a path, and don’t imitate the emptiness itself. These are the four errors we make in meditation.

This Second concentration is more about how to practice the separation of feeling. Now you are going to visualise a red light, the size of a pea, inside the crown of your head. So this time it is inside and it is red. So keep that in you crown, then focus it in your throat and then in your heart. The same red colour should be in all three places. First, concentrate on the crown. You should stabilise that red in the crown, then the throat and then in the heart. Go step by step. After some time the light that you are concentrating on in the forehead will merge into the throat and as soon as you look into the forehead, there is nothing to be seen there. It has already gone to the throat. It will merge. Likewise when you say ‘it is in my throat’ it will merge into the heart and will no longer be found in the throat. And now you say, ‘it is in the heart,’ but again it will no longer be there. At this time it will have gone to the secret space of emptiness. This is the understanding of the kayas, how you understand the three kayas and how the awareness moves and shifts to the three kayas. Once it has gone to the secret space and you cannot find it, don’t search for it. There is nothing to search for.

Getting into the Structure of Thought

The practice here is to help your mind transcend into the three kayas. Through it, you will be able to accept gross thoughts, subtle thoughts, and extremely subtle thoughts. It will help you to accept the process of observing, identifying and letting go of these different types of thought. Spend two or three weeks doing this practice. It has a lot of benefit and it will open up your understanding of the structure of thought. What is the thought? How is it structured? Is there solidity in the thought? And if there is nothing in the thought, why does it bother you? Something fascinating about the mind is that fact that it never ceases to think, it never ceases to devise plans, and it never ceases to formulate things. So you have to start to understand the workings of your mind, how it works. Its fantasies are unstoppable. And you have to realise that it is your mind that makes you want to do Dharma practice and it’s your mind that makes you not want to do Dharma practice. It is all the mind. So how has this mind controlled us? How has this mind been the one to control us, telling us what to do and what not to do, such that we follow? What is this mind?

Impermanence and Denial

One thing that mind is constantly trying to tell you is that everything is impermanent. This is the main thing that you miss all the time. And we are very clever in making impermanence into solidity, i.e. something that is permanent and will not change. We don’t want change right?, we want something that is permanent. But nothing is permanent. Even if someone dies in your family, due to the grasping at permanence, will you accept that this person is dead? No, you won’t accept. You will say to yourself that he or she will get up after a little while. Such is the grasping at permanence. But yet, the change of the thought, the settling of the thought is all impermanent. Weather changes, seasons change and then we are all happy. When the seasons change we say, now summer is coming or spring is coming or autumn is coming, as if it’s good. But it is showing impermanence. Summer is gone that’s why winter is now coming. It’s impermanent, that’s why summer has gone. Morning to night again shows impermanence, the day has gone, night has come. Everything that is written on our face is showing impermanence. We celebrate New Year, making New Year’s resolutions and we are happy it’s a New Year. But actually if you look at it, New Year means one year older and closer to death. It doesn’t mean anything else. Celebrate for what reason? How much have you accomplished now? In shiné when you practice, the sense of impermanence will arise. In addition, the sense of emptiness will arise together with impermanence in shiné.

The Third Practice Technique

The third point to practice is to keep a beautiful picture, thangka drawing or flower in front of you so that you can see a brilliant pattern of colours. Keep that in front of you. Do not label anything, by saying to yourself that this is a beautiful flower or thangka or whatever. Just keep it in front of you and just look at it. I’m not interested in what the picture is, in its patterns or colour or in the content. But simply observe what is in front of you. I just want you to simply look at that picture and observe. Don’t accept, don’t reject, don’t do anything of that nature. I’m not asking you to identify anything whatsoever. Just observe, that’s all. I’m simply asking you to observe and let go, nothing more than that. So you sit in meditation posture and look at the picture or any object without commenting. Simply just observe. You are so used to commenting but I don’t want to hear the commentary, just observe.

What Really Sees What?

So what will happen now? When you keep the eyes open and you just look at it, when you look at it for a long time, eventually you will start to get tired, obviously. After looking at it for a long time your mind will want to shift to many things it wants to do. It doesn’t want to just look at one thing. So as soon as your mind gets tired, though your eyes are open, though you are looking at the picture of the flower or whatever, all of a sudden the sharpness of the picture will decline. All of a sudden it will not appear sharp any more. It will appear diffused. It will appear blank as though there is not much there. Or even if there is, it is not as sharp as what you were looking at before. It’s all blurred? Your eyes are still there; these are the same eyes that you started looking at the picture with before. So why is its smudged and blurry now? That indicates that when the mind thinks that it is looking at an object then the object will become clear. When the mind has lost interest in the object then the object will no longer be clear. So therefore, it’s the mind that is seeing not your eyes. Come to certainty about that. Eyes only see with your emotion. If you don’t have awareness the eyes don’t see anything. You may travel a journey a hundred times but if you are unaware it doesn’t matter, you won’t know where you are. On the other hand, even if you’ve never made the journey before, but still if you are aware, you will know exactly where you are. So everything is clearly to do with awareness. Again you should do this practice for about two weeks. But with all these practices do for short intervals. Don’t sit for too long doing it otherwise you will just be entertaining your thoughts. That’s all you’ll be doing. There will be no vivid experience. Only stagnant thoughts will arise. So keep it short, ten to fifteen minutes, followed by another ten to fifteen minutes. Then take a break walk around, refresh yourself and then go back and sit.

With Shiné Comes Patience

From shiné you develop patience, that’s another thing that’s important, patience. It’s well known in Tibet that when you do shiné you are learning how to be patient and to let the thoughts move. In Tibet those people that are very rough, who get angry very quickly and who are very short tempered, they are told to do shiné practice from a learned Lama. One such thing happened to one Khampa who was very violent, so his wife sent him to the Guru and asked him to teach the husband shiné. So then the Guru taught that Khampa shiné, giving the various instructions. This Khampa had a son, a naughty little boy. This boy heard his father was now learning meditation. One day he walked into the room and saw his father was meditating so he jumped backwards and forward repeatedly in front of him. The father kept on meditating thinking, ‘patience, patience, this is what my Guru said to me,’ but the son kept on jumping backwards and forwards more rapidly. Then the father lost it and he caught the son and he beat him up. Afterwards he said, “Oh God, there goes my shiné.” (Rinpoche laughs) He simply couldn’t bear it any more. We shouldn’t be like that. Patience really means patience, that’s what it is. One part of the shiné is patience. You won’t rush into thoughts immediately, you won’t rush into action immediately, you won’t hold to the thoughts immediately, you always give it a little bit of space for the thought to change. Most of the time it just requires you to be a little patient before things change. We don’t give the time to change – that’s our problem. Even if someone is going to say something harsh and negative to you, if you hold back a little bit, it will change. That will change because that’s a phenomenon that comes from emptiness and it will change. There is no need to anchor the thoughts immediately. Always give some time for wisdom to prevail. Wisdom won’t prevail if you immediately attach to the thing. That’s the way it will not prevail, right?
So if someone asks you something don’t answer immediately. Just take some time. Then your answer will be different. Your answer will not be the same. You’ll have a wiser answer than your normal answer. Just take some time.

Stay Quiet About Your Experiences

Now these three practices that I have outlined for you are really important in the development of shiné. So before you go into shiné, first go into those three practices. That way you’ll be able to stabilize. Then, when you talk about shiné, if you have any experiences concerning the changes and the movements of the thoughts, repeating these is not going to benefit the one hearing about them from you. Those are the experiences you have to clamp down and then if and when you come to talk about shiné from a place of experience, you’ll really know what you’re talking about.

Purification and Progress

Now much of the progress of shiné practice depends on your purification. Realisation cannot come without purification. A key part of Dzogchen is purification. Some Lamas talk about just looking at the nature and understanding, but (Rinpoche laughs) you cannot just look at the nature and understand. That’s where a meditation with demonic view will come up. That’s all it will be. Nothing else will come up. To experience the true nature of mind is to understand the Buddha nature, and to understand the Buddha nature requires an immense amount of purification. You cannot understand Buddha nature just like that. It requires a lot of confession and purification, confession of things that we have done, both knowingly and unknowingly. Dzogchen realisation does not arise through ignorance. It doesn’t come through ignorance. Every Dzogchen teaching that I have received, my father always stressed the importance of purification first. When I received these also, I had to go through many different kinds of purifications. Otherwise, thinking that you are going to understand your pristine mind just like that is a joke. There is no way you are going to understand your pristine mind just like that without any cause, without any condition, thinking you can just overstep interdependent origination, thinking you can just skip it and then you’ll understand it… No! It doesn’t happen like this. It’s not true. Read the lives of Dzogchen masters and you’ll find the extent of penance and retreats they have done to come to that level. I haven’t met a single Dzogchen practitioner in our lineage that has just received teachings and then got enlightened straight off. No! I’ve seen them go through a tremendous process of purification.

Karma is Unfailing

All the negative things that you’ve committed in your past lifetimes, you think they will have no result or fruition? You think that when you understand the Dzogchen mind, they simply disappear, that there’s no consequence?? There are consequences of your past actions. Karma is unfailing. Buddha said it, so how can it not be? When Buddha was enlightened and he was going to Varanasi to teach, a thorn pierced his foot. Ananda and Shariputra became alarmed and said; “Lord, you are the Lord of all Lords. When you raise your hand all the celestial gods and goddesses rush to serve you. You have total enlightenment, how is it that a small thorn could pierce your foot and make you bleed, Lord?” And then Buddha saw his foot and said, “Yes, this is repayment of my karma that I had to go through. At one time in a former life unknowingly I walked on an ant and it died. This thorn that pricked my foot is the karma I owed to that ant having killed it. This is the consequence.” Now, if Buddha had to repay his karma what need is there to talk about the need to repay our own karma? Therefore be very careful with respect to the consequences of your actions, be very careful. A good practitioner will reduce karma producing actions. That’s important, to reduce as much as possible karma, cause and effect.

Engaging in Only Positive Actions is Buddhahood

Buddha himself said, “All my eighty-four thousand stanzas can be put into four lines: – “Do no negative actions, do only positive actions, thoroughly tame your mind.” By engaging in only positive actions, this is the core of the Dharma, this is Buddhahood. The important thing, in whether we do positive or negative actions, is our mind. Buddha said, “Subjugate your own mind.” There is nothing else to subjugate. Bring your own mind under control. Purification is extremely important, I cannot say more than that. So in your daily practice now, one section must be on purification. Understand the importance of the purification. Normally, His Holiness would say to his students that doing the hundred-syllable mantra twenty-one times is enough for the negative karma of that day to cease. Now of course, if you do more then it will clear more, but if you are too busy then twenty-one times may be okay, (Rinpoche looked doubtful) but if you can do more, purification and confession are the two things that we need to include as part of our main practice. It is extremely important. Not only will it bring the blessings of your Guru, but also the blessings of your Yidam. These will come down to you. Also it will remove all the obstacles to your path by the compassion. Now those of you who have the time to do Sang, if you do the ‘Riwo Sang Cho’ Sang every day, I cannot express the extent of benefits that will accrue to you. So make a little bit of smoke and put the ingredients in there. That will purify your karmic obscurations due to eating, the obscuration of the elements we’ve caused and all the negative tendencies we’ve accumulated. All of these are covered in the Sang confession and purification. It’s a beautiful purification practice. It will increase your wind horse, which is what you need. Sang is both a confession and a purification. The two are combined in Sang. So try to do Sang. That will also rectify any obstacles coming to your meditation.

Supplicate your Teacher

Then to have success in your practice, pray to your root teacher, ask your root teacher to open his mindstream towards you. Keep your devotion clean, keep your samaya clean, and keep your commitment clear. In addition, at all times do work that brings benefit to others. Control your mouth from harsh words. Nobody wants to suffer. There’s no need to give them any suffering. If you can’t say a kind word, don’t say anything at all.

Pure Perception

In the Vajrayana, the Sangha is very important, just as it is a key aspect in the triple gem. You take refuge in the Buddha, the Dharma and the Sangha. With the Sangha, harmony and love towards each other is absolutely necessary, so work on this. When you have met a teacher and you have surrendered your ego, surrender your ego totally. That is important. All the time opening up your connection to your teacher’s path that is very important. Again and again you have to open that up because there are always obscurations whereby we see the teacher as the same as ourselves. We cannot see the teacher in the pure view and as I said earlier, the extent of your blessings depends on how you see the teacher. If you see him as an ordinary man, you’ll have an ordinary blessing. If you see him as a bodhisattva, you’ll have a bodhisattva’s blessing and if you see him as a Buddha, you’ll receive the blessing of the Buddha. In the Vajrayana the practice of pure perception is the most important of all. Eventually ordinary perception will exhaust.

Je Thop – Post Meditation

Following the practice of shiné, what is the je thop (post meditative) part of shiné? First of all, the post meditation of shiné is not to separate being in meditation and being out of meditation. That’s number one. Don’t separate these at all. Second, the outcome of the shiné is compassion, emptiness and patience. Those are the results of shiné. Compassion is one thing. Through impermanence you come to understand the empty nature of things. Next from shiné comes the understanding of bliss. You will understand the bliss and then also the clarity. These are the experiences that will arise.

Continuity of Awareness

How do you apply these experiences in post meditation? Meditation and post meditation must unite together. They cannot be separated out. Then you are separating out into duality again and the whole point of shiné is bringing everything into one taste, not creating duality but bringing all into one taste. Therefore, first when your meditation is over, do not show any sign of happiness that the meditation is over, as if someone has forced you to do the meditation in the first place. This is not the case. Rather you go into your shiné practice with joy. As soon as your meditation is finished do not sigh with relief as if someone forced you into laborious work. If you do that, you will exhaust the merit of the shiné you just did. When your meditation is over, in the technical sense of saying “it’s over,” feel instead that the meditation is continuing in the post meditation. Don’t just end there. Continue it. The interruption is what creates the duality. Sometimes you have a bad dream and you wake up thinking, ‘Woh, what a horrible dream I had,’ as though now you’re waking up into reality. But that’s not it. Your dream state, your awakened state, your continuous awareness state are all the same. There’s no difference. For the mind there’s no difference. It doesn’t make a differentiation between the three. You have to understand the continuous involvement of awareness. This is the important part. Not separating anything, not taking out anything. It should be a continuous flow, like a rapid flow of a continuous river. It’s a greater mistake to say, “I had a dream,” because your awakened state is more of an illusion than the state of the dream. Awareness continues in the same way, it doesn’t matter. It doesn’t make a separation. If you understand this, even death itself is nothing but a dream. If you understand the deathless nature of awareness of the mind, where has the mind itself ever experienced death? It has never experienced death. If there is something that experiences death and can hold to the experience, then that is not awareness. Mind doesn’t hold to the phenomena of duality so how can death be an experience of the mind. It is not. Nonetheless, because we have made the separation, death has become something else. So continue with the same awareness right through every experience. You are still in meditation, though you are not in formal meditation. Keep the awareness of the meditation.

Shiné as the Core of Nowness; Rigpa as Simultaneous Recognition

Meditation means ever aware, ever aware of the nowness and not being caught in thoughts of the past, present or future. This nowness cannot be contaminated by thoughts of the past, present or future. Nowness is the primordial wisdom. It cannot be conditioned and it’s beyond description. While saying this, it is not something that can be written down because it is gone the very instance it is said. In the present moment what is said becomes a mere reflection of what was spoken. Shiné is the core of nowness. This is sometimes called rigpa, sems or sems nyid. Regarding rigpa, upon recognition it is a simultaneous dissolution like writing on water or a snake uncoiling. The simultaneous aspect is the recognition of the wisdom aspect as primordial wisdom. Sometimes you will get the sensation of emptiness, which is a kind of wishful thinking for rigpa.

Continuous Recognition, Including Dream State

This nowness, which is awareness itself, is continuous. So keep the awareness all the time while walking, talking, sleeping etc. When sleeping, sleep with clarity. The distinction between animals and ourselves is that we can sleep with clarity. Just before you go to sleep, make the strong intention to recognise your dreams and to recognise your dream body so that you can work with your dreams. As you go to sleep visualise the Guru of great bliss in your heart. Sometimes you can also visualise a white syllable Ah, radiating light rays. If you do this, most of your dreams will turn to luminosity. The key here is to will yourself in no uncertain terms to recognise your dreams as dreams before you go to sleep.

Gaze with Compassion towards Others

In je thop maintain your awareness of meditation. Speak softly and in a way that reflects your good intention towards others. If negative thoughts come regarding someone, immediately purify with positive thoughts. When you walk, walk with the intention to benefit others. Walk softly and for others’ benefit. Gaze with compassion toward others and make aspirations that your gaze connects that person with the Dharma and that through this they find ultimate peace. Don’t look too far ahead. No more than eight to nine feet. This gaze is to bring about humility. We should look with the gaze of compassion towards each and every single parent sentient being. Also when you eat, eat without slurping your food. When you use your knife and fork, see these as using skill and wisdom. When you shower, consider the water as the nectar of Dorje Sempa descending on you and purifying you of all impurities. Everything depends entirely on your perception and your view of reality becoming pristine, clean and clear. Great teachers work with impartiality and treat everything as one, just as a loving mother treats all of her children. Whenever you have good thoughts, dedicate them to the ultimate happiness of others.

Signs of Progress – Uncomplicated, Simple, Humble and Resilient

The sign of a good meditator is that they are uncomplicated, simple, and humble. They are not greedy and they do not grasp at things like most do. Meditation is meant to soften the fabric of the mind just as butter does when applied to stiff leather. One outstanding quality of such a meditator’s mind is that he or she is able to take pain. Whatever is slung out to you, you are able to absorb it without retaliating. This is because one comes to understand that everything comes from the mind, which is totally confused regarding phenomena, so there is more reason to give space to everything that manifests.

Take Care

Be very careful of the words that come from your mouth and the actions of your body. We need to be careful and guarded with respect to these. The training concerning post meditative actions are really for you to be able to keep complete control of yourself. Any emotion that comes up, don’t chase after it. Rather you should be able to control yourself for three days before reacting. Then you’ll find that lasting happiness and joy will genuinely develop.

All Pervasive Compassion

The compassion you have should be both relative and absolute. Compassion in the first sense is basically respect for others. Absolute compassion is the knowledge that all beings have the essence of the Tathagatagarba. Relative Bodhicitta is respect for this fact. Relative Bodhicitta relates to practice, which is theory and application. Keep continuous awareness steady all the time. Awareness is the key, dran pa in Tibetan. There’s no need to think about it. It should be simultaneous, spontaneous and flourishing in your awareness. Read the lives of great saints. These are important materials that will give you more strength. I encourage you to read the different life stories of different teachers.

In sum

Practice on the three concentrations until you have a firm understanding of how thoughts move. This is very important for shiné. You need to nail this down before shiné itself will genuinely take root. If you have a good foundation the roof won’t collapse. You need to prepare the soil properly. These are three steps to cultivate before you get to the fruit of accomplishment in shiné. Then you will be able to relax and know how thoughts are forming.

Look after your health. Your winds must be strong. Meditation requires that you be in a good state of health. Moreover, you cannot meditate if you have a sad or grieving mind.

Further Instructions on the Small Vase and into Shiné itself
Go to the small vase, exhale the three poisons, inhale the wisdom of the Buddhas, draw this down to the stomach and navel and pull up from the anus and hold the air in the belly. You need to get rid of the negative airs in the body. This purification is important in helping to expel these, especially in the female; there are a lot of different colours of blood that will come out reflecting different types of blood. You need to vomit out what is impure.

I cannot emphasise enough the benefits of the small vase. It will improve your memory; give more power in your recitation and most importantly in relation to breathing, you will begin to breath in wisdom. If you can breath in wisdom when you are dying, you will have a clear understanding of the deities and the dissolution of the elements as a result of the small vase.

Visualise a sun and moon on the right and left palm of your hand respectively. Warm with the sun and cool with the moon. Tighten your palms into fists, holding the tintsa, (ie the base of the ring finger) with the thumb on each hand and pull your hands up your thighs and the sides of your body. Do the whole visualisation according to the small vase instructions, including the nine clearings. This will help strengthen the two main nerves on the right and left of the body and also the central channel. Then do tonglen. Following this, go slowly into shiné. Whether you do the seven-point Vairocana posture or not, the most important thing here is to maintain a straight spine. Then the nerves will be straight and the winds will be able to settle more easily. Once you are straight you have to lock the mind inside your central channel so that it doesn’t wander. Unless it’s locked in place it’s like a horse being ridden by a blind man. Bring the horse to stillness with the small vase. Then in a comfortable position, without accepting or rejecting look at the thoughts themselves. You should recognise the four different types; chains, patterns, scattered and subtle thoughts. Recognition is important but do not go on to accept or reject. Sometimes there are too many thoughts. Then it is better to stop meditation. Walk around, relax and then go back. When a thoughts arise, keep awareness of the thought. When you recognise it as thought, it will settle and return to the basic nature of emptiness. As thoughts dissolve another will arise.

Keep Looking

Keep looking at the arising, settling and change. Keep watching. Many thoughts arise, in clusters, sometimes they are scattered. Then the three types of experience of shiné will also arise. With regard to the bliss you will feel great warmth. The body in emptiness is bliss. It is the inherent nature of the Buddha’s and this is one aspect of the Tathagatagarba. This is nothing to do with physical bliss. It is the bliss of primordial knowledge. It is a healing bliss. It will heal the damaged subtle nerves. It is a bliss that pervades all phenomena. It is unlimited. In shiné you will get a glimpse of this bliss. Buddhas don’t deviate from this even for a nano second.

Further Instructions on the Three Meditative Experiences

Next is the clarity. This relates to the lights of the five primordial wisdoms. Sometimes, you will feel the vastness of unending space. This is also the clarity. At other times, night may appear as day and day as night through the meditation. And sometimes when you meditate you’ll feel so relaxed, you may even fall asleep. This is called ‘a state of no progress’ metokpa nyam (Tib). It is a blank state in which the mind feels quite happy in its blankness. It has found a nest to rest in, but it is not a good one. If this happens, stop trying to meditate.

The three experiences are important but we need to go through and beyond these. We need to lose our attachment to them. At first we will be attached to them since they are comforting. The moment you see yourself wanting it, cut it out. The experience itself is one thing, but when you experience wanting the experience, cut it out, otherwise you will form a habit. But if you experience it and let it go, this is good. Don’t hold on to it. The idea is to have no reference point. Whether you have the experience or not it’s good. The idea is to try to remain in equanimity. The direct result of shiné is that the four joys will arise. Correct conduct will also manifest. This is the pure conduct of the Bodhisattva involving the six paramitas, (perfections) which is the post-meditative conduct. The essence of the six paramitas is also the thirty-seven aspects of enlightenment.

Further Instructions on the Three Syllables – Om, Ah, Hung

We have looked at the three basics steps to shiné, including the small vase. Now I will explain about the three syllables: – Om, Ah and Hung. These mantric syllables, Om Ah Hung are the body speech and mind of all the Buddhas. They are not conjured up but are primordial syllables. When you watch in the Dzogchen practice of Togyal you’ll see these syllables arising naturally. Within the central channel there are five centres: – the crown, throat, heart, navel and secret centres. Each centre has a syllable associated with it, respectively Om, Ah, Hung, So and Ha. When you are doing the three syllable recitation the So and Ha are included in the Hung. There is no need to recite them separately. You should assume that you have these five syllables in your central channel, the uma, while reciting.

What is Mantra?

Mantra means the mind’s concentration. It is the distilled essence of the mind, which evolves around it. Mantra encompasses the relative and it binds the absolute wisdom.

How Mantra works

Visualise the central channel no thicker than a finger’s width, completely straight starting four finger widths below the navel and extending to the crown centre and beyond. It is a clear, radiant channel of self-luminosity. Sometimes you may dream of it as a flash of light. All are reflections of the central channel. When you recite mantra, it activates the whole channel through each chakra as it begins to vibrate. This is the power of mantra. By pushing the chakra to vibrate through recitation, and visually spinning it, each of the five syllables pulsates through the five centres and gives a rhythmic beat. Om is the main vibration in the forehead. There are thirty-two spokes running off from the centre of this chakra. By reciting and spinning the syllable here, the whole chakra becomes increasingly pure and it purifies the thigle, the essence of one’s being. It is important to feel the vibration. Air has to move the atoms, there has to be some friction there. The crown here refers to the whole head. On top of the crown is the Lord of Horse Head. He sits on a double dorje to seal and protect your vital energy.

The sound of the syllable Ah (high sounding ‘Ah’) is the main vibration of the throat and relates more to speech.

The sound of the syllable Hung is the principle pulse of the heart. This syllable will start to rise up, as will all the syllables upon recitation.

The sound of the syllable So is the main sound occupying the navel centre and Ha is at the secret centre. The navel has sixty-four spokes, or sub channels. This is the chakra of life and death. The symbol of the lotus petals always refers to the secret centre since it is hidden.

Remember the four qualities of the central channel; it is as straight as a palm tree; translucent; fine as a lotus petal; and glossy. It is good to be familiar with the central channel. It is better to be connected to this rather than your physical body. Everything that manifests, inner and outer phenomena, all comes from the central channel. It is not physically visible. It’s a magical channel. When you do tsa lung yoga practice in relation to holding the big vase you may see a vein appear along the central channel that will blow out like a tube. It will appear although it is not there physically.

Concentrate on the three syllables for a while. It should not just be a mental exercise. You need to use the energy of sound to activate the chakras. By repeating mantra many times, it will go towards purifying and stabilising your mind.

The structure and purpose of all mantras is to penetrate and break down the vital cells of the body. Mantra arises from the field of primordial wisdom and has properties that will pacify, increase, magnify and subjugate. So it is an incredibly enlightened form, coming from primordial wisdom, to bring forth wisdom.

With respect to the three-vajra recitations, the sound should be coming from the mouth. With all mantras, sound should be made. Whether it is loud, collar length, soft or whatever the type of sound, it needs to be audible. The three-vajra recitation should not be too soft. It will not agitate phenomena so it’s okay to recite clearly out loud.

Thoughts, Emotions Arise to be Self Liberated

Things will come up. We have engaged in an overwhelming amount of negative karma. Childhood memories will arise. These are not coming to entertain you but rather to be self liberated. You need to counsel yourself. You need to remember how fortunate you are to have the teachings, your teacher and all the freedoms and riches necessary to appreciate the Dharma. Crooked, stray, sad and repentant thoughts will come up. But for the first time you are paying attention to your thoughts. If you get caught in crooked experiences, you’ll get lost. You need to stay on track. No one else can do this for you. Whatever happens, pray to Guru Rinpoche, Buddha Shakyamuni and/or your Guru. Don’t pay any attention to one single crooked thought. They won’t set you free. If you don’t, they will catch your weak spot and start to grow into full-blown formations themselves.

Right conditions

If you feel dizzy or nauseous, this is a sign of having weak winds. This meditation will absorb a lot of energy. Try to have some bone soup – this will help. Also Agar thirty-five is a good Tibetan medicine, which you can take to strengthen the wind. His Holiness Dudjom Rinpoche used to advise that if you feel melancholic, leave meditation. It won’t help. Rather you’ll just meditate on your negative feelings and view. Good humour is important. Also, you need to have the support of the right clothing so that your body temperature is just right.

Self Empowerment

This practice, when done properly, is a self-empowerment of the Dzogchen channel, Tib. ‘rigpai sel wang’. All the impurities and obstacles are being removed. Nothing can be finer than learning how to empower your own channel from the ultimate. When this kind of empowerment is happening with regard to each centre, each chakra is being purified. Obscurations of the relative are being removed. Look at this light. Befriend it. This is your light body, the main meridian nerve and the path that is pathless. All the practices evolve around the central channel. It is the connection between heaven and earth. This is the central channel.

Light Channel – Selfless Self

Instead of recognising the gross body as yourself, learn how to recognise the light channel as the selfless self. It’s the essence of all the five elements, channels, spaces and Buddha families. Every wang you receive and Phowa you do is done through the central channel. Most significantly, it is the light body we take rebirth in. Its nature is indestructible.

When you visualise the light coming into you, then from each of your five centres light will go back, in order to interconnect and join each of these spheres to its respective primordial space. Therefore you need to be immersed in this light exchange. There is no space for ordinary concepts to arise. You are already involved with the radiant space. Practice this. There is much to gain by doing so.

Finer Instructions on the Visualisations

First, you can start by visualising the Ah as a circular, multicoloured light. In addition, you can begin by saying Ah, parachuting into the meditation itself. Some of you may see that the Ah is no longer outside you, but that you are just meditating on it within your mind. This isn’t a problem. The central channel is now becoming the Ah and merging with the central channel itself. Don’t keep looking for it. Just relax in the confidence that whether it is outside or inside, it is where it should be in the secret space of your mind. As mentioned this is called the self-empowerment. It is the ultimate Buddha. This is in the profound simplicity. The point is that it is so simple that it is easy to miss the point. That is the problem with the Great Perfection. Don’t worry about the simplicity.

Second, visualise a red light the size of a pea at the centre of the crown and another in the throat and at the heart. This meditation focuses on an inner light rather than the previous practice described above. The point here is to gradually let the light focus in the crown, mingle with the throat and then again with that of the heart. But first concentrate on the red dot in the crown and stabilise this. This red bindu in the crown is the male and female essence. Let your focus merge into the three kayas. When you meditate on this for a long time, the concentration in the crown will merge with that of the throat. This is the merging of Dharmakaya and Sambhogakaya. When they merge you have come to the border of rigpa. Here there is nothing to point to or to be aware of. Awareness is vivid. When it goes into this space, it is the space of the Dharmakaya. You won’t be able to stay there for long. Many thoughts will come. The thought of the luminosity of the heart, throat and crown will appear and then from that will come the gross thoughts. It will go that way. We won’t be able to remain in that pure vivid awareness for long. No, we won’t have that skill at first. Good practitioners are able to remain in this space. You’ll be lucky if you can stay in it for more than a few seconds.

The third concentration is on this flower here on my table. I want you to relax. I don’t want you to identify what kind of flower or vase I have. But I just want you to look at it. I don’t want you to judge anything. But look from a relaxed point of view where you are breathing in and out and it’s just going naturally and here just look at it. Keep looking at it. You’ll see the leaves, the flowers and the beautiful arrangement of the different colours. Don’t accept anything. There’s nothing to reject. Simply observe. That’s all. So keep looking at it. Now some of you will feel your eyes strained and it’s not so comfortable looking at it. The mind has to always make some excuse. Some of you will feel that your eyes are burning and tears are coming. These are all your obstacles, nothing is happening to your eyes. They have always looked so why should there be a problem now? But the point is your mind cannot stay where it should stay. It’s so used to darting everywhere and all of a sudden it feels uncomfortable to simply focus on a single object and nothing else. Nonetheless, just continue to look at it. When you look at it, your mind might be interested in counting the petals and examining the details. Don’t do that. Nobody is asking you to count anything. Just look at it. All phenomena are like that. They just appear but we are not able to just let them appear, we grasp at the phenomena. The flower is not going to jump into your eyes. Most likely your mind is going to jump into the flower. If you look at it and keep on looking at this, at times it will blur and at times it will be sharp. Now that’s nothing to do with the defect of you eyes or anything, it has to do with your mind. When your mind is thinking, ‘I am looking at this,’ the picture will be sharp because it has come back to focus on what it has been looking at. But when the mind is not interested, it drifts away and the flower will blur. It won’t be as intrinsically clear as it was. It’ll just be in colour but not knowing what colour.

Grasping Mind Creates Solidity

This will help show you what is seeing and who is seeing. It is your mind that is seeing and nothing else. Your eyes are still open and but the object is not there. This shows how phenomena are recognised by the mind. Likewise in the process of your thought, that’s what it is. When the mind focuses on a thought, the thought appears. When the mind is not focusing on anything then thoughts move. So here we have to let thoughts move and change – that’s important. I told you thought means impermanence. There’s no solidity to the thought. We think thoughts are solid but they are not solid. The solidity in thought is our grasping mind that is grasping the phenomena to make it solid. But what is solid? Nothing is solid. Today we’re in this house. After a few years this will break down. Bricks and stone will all turn to dust. It is the component nature of all things that makes it look like it’s solid, but actually, it is emptiness. But it is hard for us to see this emptiness in the nature of all things.

Alternate the Three Concentrations

During your sessions you can alternate these three concentrative practices as your main practice. Sometimes do this last practice, sometimes do the outer light practice and sometimes focus inwardly. Now most of the time when you’re focusing inwardly on the red light which is the mother and father essence, you’ll have sensations of bliss and warmth. You’ll feel well and in open space but as I said before it’s not for this that you are doing the practice.

No Expectations, No Disappointment

These things are your hope of what you expect from your practice. It’s your hope. When I’ve led this practice, I’ve asked questions of the students and asked them how they feel and they sometimes tell me, “Oh it makes me feel so warm and nice.” They feel good about it. But that’s not the point. Feeling good is your hope of feeling good. I’ve simply told you about the red father mother essence in your heart, throat and crown, that’s all. They are not supposed to be generating heat, bliss, clarity or visions. Some of you have visions about it. Those are your expectations. Expectancy about what you would like to get out of your meditation. Don’t expect anything. In meditation there’s nothing to expect. There’s nothing to expect. Don’t expect. Though we say the predominant experience of shiné is bliss, clarity and non-thought, we shouldn’t expect these. These are the experiences of shiné you will have, but don’t expect them. So in meditation, rule out expectation. Don’t expect to improve your health with it. Don’t expect to do anything with it. Expect nothing and you’ll not be disappointed. You’ll be a happier person. The attitude should be, ‘come what may’. According to your karma you will experience awareness differently.

No Contaminations

All of your experiences will not be the same. They cannot be the same. How could they be? So it is useless for you to describe your experience to someone else. It’s invalid. It’s got nothing to do with them. The individual person who is going to meditate will face his or her own karma. Your experience you describe to another person is a contamination of that person’s pure experience. It is of no use. Similarly, when you receive empowerments or teachings, don’t try to describe what you got to another person. It is useless. Why would you want to contaminate that person’s view? That person will then think, ‘I should have experienced the same as they saw or felt but I didn’t get that’. You contaminate their pure field by relating your experience. But if you say, “That is my experience, but your experience will be different.” Then that person won’t put in his hope to have the same experience you had. No two persons’ experience is the same in shiné. No. It doesn’t duplicate like that at all. It is only according to your karmic propensities that the experiences will arise.

The Throat Chakra and Mantra

As far as reciting the mantra is concerned, recite Om Ah Hung aloud. I think if you do this for twenty or thirty minutes a day it will be very good for you. Some of you have bad memory. And some of you have very little memory. Memory is what? Memory resides in the throat chakra in the sixteen atoms there. If you have polluted speech and a polluted mouth, that will affect your memory. The throat chakra also causes the dreams to manifest. Whether you have clarity of dreams or not again depends on the throat. So with this throat, the sixteen atoms of the throat, it is very important to keep it pure and clean and all the time bring purification to this throat chakra. The link between the crown and the heart is the throat. The throat is the meridian link between the upper and lower chakras. So it plays a very important part in your meditation and recitation. When you’re doing mantra and you have the power of the mantra, this is your throat. What keeps all chakras moving inside your body? It is your throat. Words and mantras come from the throat. Therefore, Om Ah Hung are good, the hundred-syllable recitation is also good. All mantra recitation is geared to the throat chakra being purified. So if you want to purify that, this is what to do.

Mantra Sounding Soft, Soothing and Compassionate

Another thing is to keep your sound so it sounds very compassionate, so the sound sounds very smooth, so the sound sounds very comforting and healing to others when they hear your voice. Drink saffron water with a little bit of honey in it every morning. If you’re a teacher and you want to sound good to your students do that. It will smooth the tonal nerves. Also it’s good for the female hormones because they are regenerated by the saffron. The red saffron gives colour to the blood and gives it more texture. The honey will help build up your immune system and keep your throat clear, and clean. The honey you drink should be from you local area. Just a little in the early morning will not only give you a beautiful complexion but it will also give you a beautiful voice by increasing your tonal strength. Honey is good for your complexion, that’s what its good for. It clears up imperfections and cuts and things like that.

If you want later to on go to the Dzogchen teachings and begin the purification there, then recite the six syllables of the Dzogchen:-
Ah(long) Ah(short) Sha Sa Ma Ha
Through this recitation, the six realms will be made into emptiness. This is the Ngondro of Dzogchen so sometimes recite this, sometimes the Om Ah Hung and at other times the Vajrasattva mantra. Whichever mantra you recite, all are geared towards the same goal. I have just explained the Om Ah Hung above as an example of how the respective chakras move in the process of purification. It is important to purify these.

Dedication…

Transcribed by Sam Brooks under the direction of Shenphen Dawa Rinpoche.
All rights reserved for ©YesheMelong
If anyone wishes to publish or distribute these teachings they must receive authorization from Shenphen Dawa Rinpoche.

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